By Kenneth Shields
This publication explores the foundation and evolution of significant grammatical different types of the Indo-European verb, together with the markers of individual, stressful, quantity, point, and temper. Its significant thesis is that a lot of those markers will be traced to unique deictic debris which have been included into verbal constructions so as to point out the 'hic and nunc' and numerous levels of remoteness from the 'hic and nunc'. The changes to which those deictic parts have been topic are seen the following within the context of an Indo-European language very diversified from Brugmannian Indo-European, many gains of which, it really is argued, seemed in simple terms within the interval of dialectal improvement. This e-book demanding situations various conventional proposals concerning the Indo-European verb; all reconstructions contained in it are firmly in keeping with extant facts and are consonant with verified rules of linguistic switch.
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Extra info for A History of Indo-European Verb Morphology
History. 24 Of course, my own theories lead me to a very different assessment of its etymology. It is my contention that Umbrian *-nky- is in origin, though not in attested function, an archaic structure with Indo-European sollrces. It seems to me that the nasal element of this Umbrian perfect suffix reflects the reanalysis of *-¢-(e/o)N (second-third person marker + non-present deictic *-(e/o)N) as *-N-¢. The close semantic relationship between the nonpresent signification of this formation and the meaning of the late IndoEuropean perfect made it a likely candidate for inclusion there.
Reflexive -te-s beside the active fonn -tee) and perhaps, in Pr. J from the first person plural ending -me", this is by no means a necessary assumption. Despite the fact that the analogical extension of the (third person) nonsingular suffix *-(e/o)N throughout the non-singular verbal paradigm took place in a variety of dialects, the category non-singular appeared so late in the evolution of Indo-European that the linguistic change involving the extension of *-(e/o)N and its variants probably began just before the disintegration of the Indo-European speech community and was completed only within the individual dialects.
Since the morpheme "sind now had no explicit morphological marking as a third person plural, "-un was affixed as a means of hypercharacterizing this function. The suffix "-un is traditionally viewed etymologically as the third person plural preterite « secondary) ending "-Vt (cf. Prokosch [1939:220J and Krahe [1963: 140]). Of course, I prefer to see it as an occurrence of the third person plural ending "-(1 (> PG "-un) in present function. It may perhaps be objected that the derivation of "-un from "-V (cf.
A History of Indo-European Verb Morphology by Kenneth Shields