By Elena Agarossi, Harvey Fergusson II

ISBN-10: 0511528965

ISBN-13: 9780511528965

ISBN-10: 0521025370

ISBN-13: 9780521025379

ISBN-10: 0521591996

ISBN-13: 9780521591997

Drawing on commonly unpublished records, A kingdom Collapses revises the conventional figuring out of a severe second within the background of global conflict II: the cave in of the Italian fascist regime and Italy's unconditional give up in September 1943. The ebook argues that, in the course of their mystery negotiations earlier than the overthrow of Mussolini in July 1943, either Italy and Britain negotiated in undesirable religion and with loads of duplicity. The ensuing misunderstandings and misjudgments ended in an without notice lengthy and brutal crusade of conquest following Italy's give up.

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Additional info for A Nation Collapses: The Italian Surrender of September 1943

Sample text

Churchill informed the War Cabinet telegraphically, asking for its opinion. The answer, formulated by Eden and Attlee, made clear the disagreement on Italy that divided the British government. The War Cabinet approved the adoption of unconditional surrender, but strongly opposed the exclusion of Italy, maintaining that it would be "a mistake to make a distinction among the three Axis partners," because the threat of severe and intransigent treatment would create a better possibility of obtaining "the desired effect on Italian morale"30 than would a soft attitude.

95 Colonel Schmaltz, the commander of a German detachment situated near Augusta, replied as follows to an explanation by Ambrosio that the Italian units were subjected to intense air raids: 45 A Nation Collapses General Ambrosio's note does not report the facts correctly. I would not know how to justify the behavior of the soldiers at Augusta. I never saw these alleged air raids. There was no will to oppose the enemy landing. However, the courage of the units that did resist is worthy of note. .

Churchill's plans were much more ambitious than he wanted them to appear. Two days later, on July 19, before any decision had been taken on continuing operations in Italy, Churchill wrote to General Alexander, encouraging him to use all his forces at the end of the battle for Sicily to reach Rome, from which a jump could be made to the Balkans. Alexander received the idea with enthusiasm. On July 22 he replied that Sicily was the jumping-off place for the advance toward Italy, but that it was essential to occupy the Balkan peninsula for control of the Mediterranean.

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A Nation Collapses: The Italian Surrender of September 1943 by Elena Agarossi, Harvey Fergusson II


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